Chihuahuas are a breed that has amassed many fans worldwide. These miniature dogs have won people’s hearts with their charisma, bravery, and unmatched attachment to their owners. Let’s take a closer look at the characteristics of this unique breed.



Size and Weight Chihuahuas are the smallest breed of dogs in the world. Their weight typically ranges from 1.5 kg to 3 kg, but some can reach up to 4.5 kg. Despite their small size, they possess abundant energy and a lively temperament.


There are two types of Chihuahuas distinguished by their coat type: short-haired and long-haired. Short-haired Chihuahuas have soft, glossy, and tightly fitting fur. Long-haired ones have soft, straight or wavy hair, with a thick undercoat. Their head can come in two shapes: “apple” and “deer.” Their ears are large, standing erect, their eyes round, large, and highly expressive. Fur colors vary from solid (e.g., white, black, chocolate) to multicolored.


When it comes to lifespan, Chihuahuas are among the most long-lived breeds. They usually live to be 12-20 years old, but with proper care and attention to their health, some can live up to 25 years.



Chihuahuas are known for their attachment to one person, though they are friendly towards the entire family. They can be overly excited and nervous around strangers, so early socialization is extremely important. Chihuahuas prefer the company of other Chihuahuas or small dogs. While they interact well with children, it’s advisable to keep them away from very young kids who might accidentally hurt them due to their miniature size.


Chihuahuas belong to intelligent breeds, but their independent and lively character can pose a challenge during training. It’s essential to be consistent and patient, using positivity to achieve the best results.


Chihuahuas are generally healthy dogs, but there are always exceptions. They are prone to congenital heart defects, bone and joint problems (e.g., patellar luxation), and dental issues due to the small size of their mouths. Regular visits to the vet will help detect any issues early and resolve them promptly.

Activity and Play

Despite their small size, Chihuahuas are a fairly active breed. They love to play, go for walks, and even run, making them perfect for apartment living. Note that these miniature dogs should not be overexerted, and their walks should be short and regular. They also love playing with toys, especially those that stimulate their intellectual activity. Dog puzzles and hide-and-seek toys can help satisfy their love for exploration.

Interactions with Other Animals

Chihuahuas can get along well with other dogs, especially if they have been together from a young age. However, their bold and energetic character can provoke conflict with larger dogs. Therefore, it’s important to socialize Chihuahuas with other animals in a timely manner.


When it comes to fur care, short-haired Chihuahuas require minimal grooming – a gentle brush once a week is sufficient. Long-haired Chihuahuas’ fur requires more regular grooming to avoid matting. Both short-haired and long-haired Chihuahuas shed minimally. Don’t forget to regularly check their eyes, ears, and teeth for potential problems. Chihuahuas’ teeth usually require special attention due to their predisposition to plaque and tartar.

Chihuahuas are a wonderful choice for people looking for a small but energetic and devoted companion. Their small size and brave character make them ideal for various living situations. To keep Chihuahuas healthy and happy, they require attentive care, regular vet check-ups, constant love, and of course, plenty of play.

With care and love, the V.O.G DOG team.